sách bài tâp 11 thí điểm, page 7

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Sách bài tập tiếng Anh 11
Reading, Page 7
1. generation : (n) thế hệ
2. Gap: (n) khoảng cách
3. Refer: (v) ám chỉ
4. Attitude: (n) Thái độ
5. Behaviour: (n) Hành vi
6. Opinion: (n) quan điểm
7. View: (n) cách nhìn, quan điểm
8. Certain: (adj) chắc chắn, nào đó
9. Communication: (n) Giao tiếp
10. Cause: (v) gây ra
11. Society: (n) Xã hội
12. Factor: (n) yếu tố
13. Generally: (adv) Nói chung là
14. Perspective: (n) viễn cảnh
15. Career: (n) Nghề nghiệp
16. Impose: (v) Áp đặt
17. Favour: (n) Ủng hộ
18. Perception: (n) sự nhận thức
19. Lie: (v) Nói dối, nằm trong
20. Taste: (n) sở thích, khiếu thẩm mỹ
21. Fashion: (n) Thời trang
22. Political: (adj) Chính trị
23. Pierced: (adj) xỏ (mũi)
24. Rebellion: (n) cuộc nổi loạn
25. Norm: (n) qui tắc
26. Unacceptable: (adj) không thể chấp nhận
27. Disrespectful: (adj) vô lể
28. Traditional: (adj) Truyên thông
29. Value: (n) Giá trị
30. Tend: (v) Có xu hướng
31. Dominant: (adj) Có ưu thế
32. Reason: (n) lý do
33. Seldom: (adv) hiếm khi
34. Reveal: (v) Tiết lộ
35. Seek: (v) tìm kiếm
36. Factors: (n) Các yếu tố
37. Lead: (v) dẫn đến
38. Vital: (adj) quan trọng, sống còn
39. Wise: (adj) Khôn ngoan
40. Solution: (n) giải pháp
41. Treat: (v) đỗi xử

The generation gap refers to the difference in attitudes or behaviour between a younger generation and the older one. In my opinion, different attitudes towards life, different views about certain problems, and a lack of communication can cause a generation gap in most societies.
The first factor is that parents and children generally see things from different perspectives. Choosing a career is a good example for this. Many parents try to impose certain careers they favour on their children, based on their own perceptions. However, young people don’t always understand their parents’ points of views. Instead, they prefer to be free to make their own decisions on their future career.
Another factor lies in differences in musical tastes, fashion, and political views between young people and their parents. For example, having a pierced nose might be viewed as fashionable by some teens, but for many parents, it is considered to be an act of rebellion against social norms. Some parents may also find their children’s behaviour unacceptable and disrespectful to traditional values.
The major factor causing the generation gap is the lack of communication between parents and their children. Parents tend to be dominant and not to trust their children to deal with crises. Also, they keep talking too much about certain problems. That is the reason why young people seldom reveal their feelings to their parents. When facing problems, young people prefer to seek help from their classmates or friends.
The above mentioned factors could lead to a generation gap. In order to bridge the gap between the old generation and the younger one, mutual understanding is the vital key. The wisest solution would be for parents and their children to treat each other as friends.

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